What is Total Hip Replacement Surgery?
Hip replacement surgery removes damaged or diseased parts of a hip joint and replaces it with new, man-made parts. The goals of this surgery are to:
When is it recommended?
Total Hip Replacement (THR) is recommended when the patient is suffering from Rheumatoid Arthritis, Osteonecrosis, Injury of the hip joint, or some bone tumors have been diagnosed that are adversely affecting the hip joint. Additionally, if the patient has any of the following conditions then hip replacement is required:
Type of Total Hip Replacement (THR)
Conventional total hip replacement is a prosthesis that is anchored in the upper part of femur (thighbone).
In a short stem hip replacement, the prosthesis on the femoral side is very small in comparison. It is anchored only in the spongy bone. It is uncemented. This is a bone preserving hip replacement.
Anchorage method can be either cemented or uncemented. Prostheses that are anchored with bone cement are cemented hip replacements. Those prostheses, which rely on natural bony ingrowth for anchorage, are uncemented hip replacement. Natural bone in growth is encouraged by various coatings to the stem.
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